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Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Home > Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Inflamed, irritated, bleeding gums - signs of gum disease

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What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal is the term used to describe a disease that affects your gums and surrounding tissue, and is quite often simply referred to as “gum disease”.

Gum disease can be separated into two different categories:

Gingivitis (first stage)
Periodontitis (advanced)

Gum Disease

This patient suffered from gum disease affecting the upper teeth and wore an upper partial denture. The upper teeth were removed and 4 implants placed following Ct scan planning. The implants were splinted together with a bar and an overdenture was provided.


Gum Disease

This patient had inflamed, bleeding and tender gums. Periodontal treatment was carried out to improve the situation.


What Are The Symptoms Of Gingivitis (gum disease)?

These are the most common symptoms that can be a good indication you may have gum disease:

Red, swollen gums
Bleeding gums

If your gums start to look a bit red and they feel a bit swollen, it is important to go to your dentist as soon as possible as gum disease at this stage is easier to treat. Bleeding gums are also another good sign that you may have gum disease, and they can especially bleed during brushing and flossing.

Please Note: it is very important you do not stop your daily oral hygiene as this helps to protect you from the bacteria that causes the initial gum disease.

What Is Periodontitis?

If gum disease is left untreated it will eventually turn into an advanced case of the disease which is called Periodontitis. Periodontitis means “inflammation around the tooth” and can lead to teeth falling out. At this stage of the disease you can expect more symptoms:

Loose Teeth
Bad Breath/Taste
Gum Abscesses
Trouble Swallowing
Gums Receding
Excessive Saliva

At this advanced stage your body has a natural reaction for the gums to recede away from the infected teeth, causing them to become loose and eventually fall out (if left untreated). The bacteria can spread along your gum causing this reaction on all your teeth, which could potentially leave you with no remaining natural teeth left. The infection will also attack your bone that supports your teeth, and can cause bone loss of the jaw, causing further complications down the line with treatments you may want to have e.g. dentures and dental implants.

What causes gum disease?

Bacteria (plaque) that builds up on your teeth
Built up bacteria (plaque) will then eventually become a hard substance called tartar (calculus)
This hard substance will irritate your gums, causing them to bleed and for you to experience other symptoms
The longer tartar is left untreated, it will eventually progress into advanced Periodontitis and your teeth can start to become loose and fall out

Once you have tartar on your teeth you will not be able to remove it with conventional brushing and you will require a professional dental hygienist visit where they will be able to use the professional tools to safely remove it.

Please Note: It is recommended that you have at least two dental hygiene visits a year to ensure plaque is not building up on your teeth.

Example – Two Advanced Cases of Periodontal Disease – OPG (Orthopantogram)

Periodontal Specialist

At our clinic we are proud to offer the services of our Periodontal specialist, Dr Clifford Nissen. To find out more about Dr Clifford, please click here to be directed to his page.

What To Do If You Have Gum Disease

If you think you may be suffering from gum disease please do not hesitate to call us or fill out the short form at the bottom of the page to arrange your consultation.


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