Dr Faresh Desai runs the dental implant suite at One Dental Clinic in Solihull Birmingham. Here, they explain the harmful effect of smoking on dental implants.
Smoking is the kiss of death for dental implants. People with dental implants are strongly discouraged from lighting up because it can be a factor in acute tissue inflammation near the place where the implant is anchored to the jaw, which can eventually cause the implant to fall out. This condition, caused by poor oral hygiene but often by smoking is called peri-implantitis. This disease is tantamount to the development of periodontitis (severe gum disease) around a natural tooth.
While dental implants are among the most successful procedures in dentistry, there is no guarantee that an implant procedure will be successful. And the success rate (likelihood that it won’t fall out) for implants on a smoker is about half of that on a non-smoker. If you are a smoker who is considering a dental implant, your dentist in Hereford will likely advise you to give up smoking before undergoing the process because smokers face a higher risk of implant failure. Since the procedure can be expensive, you risk wasting your money ondental implants if you do not give up the habit.
The reason the implants fail is that the nicotine in the tobacco causes vessel constriction, so there is lack of blood flowing to the implant. Blood has to flow to the surrounding tissue in order for the implant to heal and it has to integrate to the surrounding bone. Bones need to grow into the implant and heal around it.
Plus, numerous studies have shown that long-term tobacco use (both cigarettes and chew) can attribute to periodontal (gum) disease, cause gums to recede, and increase the chance of oral cancer.